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PENGARUH LATIHAN SLOW DEEP BREATHING TERHADAP TEKANAN DARAH PADA PASIEN HIPERTENSI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BONJOL TAHUN 2019

The Effect of Slow Deep Breathing Exercises on Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Patients in the Bonjol Health Center Working Area in 2019

Undergraduate Theses from ICTIKESPNB / 2021-11-13 04:07:39
Oleh : YULIA MARHALIM, Perpustakaan IKESPNB
Dibuat : 2021-11-13, dengan 1 file

Keyword : Hipertensi, Slow Deep Breathing, Tekanan Darah



Peningkatan hipertensi yang terjadi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bonjol setiap tahunnya mengalami peningkatan tahun 2018 (39,2%), dipengaruhi oleh faktor stress, pola makan yang salah, dan ekonomi yang rendah. Salah satu penanganan hipertensi dengan metode non farmakologi adalah latihan slow deep breathing. Slow deep breathing merupakan teknik relaksasi yang disadari berfungsi untuk mengatur pernapasan secara dalam dan lambat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh latihan slow deep breathing terhadap tekanan darah pada penderita hipertensi.

Metode penelitian ini adalah Quasi-eksperimental design dengan rancangan â??two group pretest-postest with control group designâ?. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bonjol bulan maret 2019. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 26 responden dengan teknik pengambilan sampel consecutive sampling. menggunakan uji paired t-test dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% pada nilai a=<0,05.

Hasil penelitian menunjukan rata-rata tekanan darah sistole kelompok eksperimen sebelum diberi perlakuan sebesar 156,15 mmHg dan diastole 90,77 mmHg. Dan rata-rata tekanan darah sistole kelompok eksperimen setelah diberi perlakuan sebesar 137,08 mmHg dan diastole 80,77 mmHg. Berdasarkan uji statistik yaitu uji paired t-test didapatkan hasil Pvalue=0,000.

Kesimpulan menunjukan adanya pengaruh latihan slow deep breathing terhadap tekanan darah pada pasien hipertesi yang mendapat perlakuan slow deep breathing di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bonjol. Diharapkan kepada peneliti selanjutnya untuk dapat mengembangkan penelitiannya lebih baik dengan meneliti teknik-teknik lain yang dapat menurunkan tekanan darah pada pasien hipertensi. Seperti terapi musik untuk menurunkan tekanan darah pada pasien hipertensi.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

The increase in hypertension that occurs in the working area of the Bonjol Health Center every year has increased in 2018 (39.2%), influenced by stress factors, wrong diet, and a low economy. One treatment of hypertension with non-pharmacological methods is slow deep breathing exercises. Slow deep breathing is a relaxation technique that is known to function to regulate breathing deeply and slowly. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of slow deep breathing exercises on blood pressure in patients with hypertension.

The method of this research is Quasi-experimental design with the design of "two group pretest-posttest with control group design". This research has been carried out in the working area of the Bonjol Health Center in March 2019. The study sample was 26 respondents with sampling technique consecutive sampling. using paired t-test with a confidence level of 95% at a value = <0.05.

The results showed an average systolic blood pressure in the experimental group before being treated for 156.15 mmHg and diastole 90.77 mmHg. And the average systolic blood pressure of the experimental group after being treated was 137.08 mmHg and diastole 80.77 mmHg. Based on the statistical test, the paired t-test test results in a Pvalue = 0,000.

The conclusion shows the influence of slow deep breathing exercises on blood pressure in hypertensive patients who are treated with slow deep breathing in the working area of Bonjol Health Center. It is expected that further researchers can develop their research better by examining other techniques that can reduce blood pressure in hypertensive patients. Like music therapy to reduce blood pressure in hypertensive patients.


Copyrights : Copyright Â?(c) 2001 by PERPUSTAKAAN DIGITAL - INSTITUT KESEHATAN PRIMA NUSANTARA BUKITTINGGI. Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permitted by author in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.

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